Thomas G. Gutteridge acknowledges several components in human resource management: control and evaluation, organization design, human resource planning, and career development. Developing a career is a continuous process and helps manage a person's life, learning, and work in all spheres of life to advance towards a better future.
What it means?
Career development comprises personnel improvement that individual employees undertake through training, education, and development programs that the organization arranges. The term can be viewed from two points: the employer (the organization) and the personnel (individual).
Any organization aims to maximize human resource productivity for goal achievements, and one way to help in that outlook is through career development, as it ensures that people are matched well with their jobs. An organization will most likely ask their employees to manage their respective careers and will work towards helping them get a structure that will help them progress on their career paths. Developing a career is a critical tool and a launching pad for obtaining their objectives for the employee. This may include higher pay, more incentives, bonuses, job flexibility, and job satisfaction, among others. The whole process spans over a person's lifetime and inevitably molds their work identity. A person's experience in a specific field of interest, success at every development stage, educational accomplishment with every raise stage, communication, and understanding informs career development that the process is navigable.
What are the types of career development?
There are seven types of career development. They include:
This is the process where you discover your potential, what you want and don't want. Self-knowledge also involves identifying your weak points and where there is a possibility of stretching yourself.
Planning is a process where you decide your end goals and identify the steps you will take to get closer to these goals. During planning, you can gain information about other companies, careers, business models, strategies, and opportunities to help you through the process.
Training and development
Training and development are processes where you develop some knowledge, skills, and talents through learning, practicing, and gaining experience. Some skills and knowledge you can earn during training and development include business skills, mastery, soft skills, tacit knowledge, among others.
To develop your career, you must deliver value and improve your productivity. When you become more productive, you gain promotions, rewards, and recognition. This type of career provides a revenue basis.
Competition and politics
You will receive some internal competition because of your productivity. You will also compete for roles, tasks, recognition, and rewards internally and externally. Competition with other organizations will help you develop your career.
Developing your career comes with its fair share of challenges. When goals are not met, you may feel as if you are incompetent and start doubting your strategy, and if you can sail through these feelings of doubt, you will progress effectively to your end goals, and if not, the feelings of doubt may continue.
Organizational career development
Your organization may support your career development as a way of managing performance.
How can I improve my career development?
Develop a strategy to achieve your goals
To gain more satisfaction in your career and become more successful, you must plan to achieve your goals. In your plan, including what you want to gain from work.
The goals you have set require timelines for completion. Get yourself an internal mentor to help you manage your career.
Take advantage of the company's programs
Many companies run programs for helping employees develop their careers while others do not. If you work in a company with such programs, take part in every one of them to grow.
Own your career path
You can discuss your career path with your boss, and if they are willing, they will commit time and resources to help you develop your career. Do not do something that you don't want; remember it is your career, and you should own it.
Document the process
A career path will help you take charge of what means most to you, your fulfillment and success. When you have a plan, you will feel more motivated and hopeful since you can measure your progress.
Who is responsible for career development?
Both the employee and the manager have equal responsibilities in developing a person's career. The process should be a collaborative effort between the two, and it should not be done unilaterally. A person should have to want to grow in their career and develop, and the company where you work must help you get there. The initiative should come from an individual and the support from the company. The process starts with the individual setting their own goals and deciding whether they want to grow and learn new things. Besides, the individual begins by charting their path, and the organization follows by helping the individual achieve their goals. You can find examples scholarship proposal letter here.
It is impossible to develop another person's career for them. The process is personal and should start with an individual wanting to grow and develop in their career. Once the initiative is there, organizations should guide and support the employees as they take action. Developing a career is a continuous process that you take part in until you get where you want.
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